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STRESS-RELATED BIOMARKERS, DYSPHORIA AND PAIN IN DOGS UNDERGOING GENERAL ANAESTHESIA AND SURGERY

Introduction General anaesthesia and surgery have been reported to cause stress in animals. Perioperative stress is associated with increased morbidity. Serum cortisol has been widely used as a stress marker. Dysphoria and pain can cause stress in animals. The present study evaluates stress response...

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Main Author: ROMANO, MARTA
Format: Doctoral Thesis
Language: Italian
Published: Pisa University 2014
Online Access: http://etd.adm.unipi.it/theses/available/etd-03272014-232919/ Embargoed access