STRESS-RELATED BIOMARKERS, DYSPHORIA AND PAIN IN DOGS UNDERGOING GENERAL ANAESTHESIA AND SURGERY
Introduction General anaesthesia and surgery have been reported to cause stress in animals. Perioperative stress is associated with increased morbidity. Serum cortisol has been widely used as a stress marker. Dysphoria and pain can cause stress in animals. The present study evaluates stress response...
|Main Author:||ROMANO, MARTA|